The Natural Farmer (TNF) “covers news of the organic movement nationally and internationally, as well as featuring stories about farmers from New England, New York, and New Jersey. Each issue contains a 16 to 24 page pull out supplement on a particular crop or topic. The paper also contains how-to-do-it articles suitable for gardeners and homesteaders.” For years, our NOFA membership has included a subscription to this quarterly newspaper.


The most recent issue of TNF, Winter 2020-2021, features a pullout section titled “Special Supplement on Who Owns Science?”.  This section includes articles regarding the agrochemical industry, genetically modified crops, new research methods, and data on testing for nutrients in fruits and vegetables; all of which you might expect to find within the pages of TNF.  In addition to these, there are a few articles in this section with censorship and vaccine-related content.  These articles do not directly address connections to organic farming or food, or perspectives of farmers, gardeners, landcare or food professionals. With this in mind, the NOFA Interstate Council released a statement (see below) in response to this latest publication.


No doubt growers, eaters, and readers have all been impacted by COVID-19, and there are likely more challenges ahead.  For us at CT NOFA, the pandemic has highlighted the importance of our commitment to supporting and advocating for the essential work of our community of organic growers, producers, and stewards.  We are proud to work with you all, and we are inspired to see how so many of you have responded to this crisis over the past year.


Steve Munno, CT NOFA Board President


A Message from the NOFA Interstate Council Regarding the Latest Issue of The Natural Farmer:

Greetings during this holiday season, and happy Winter Solstice!

Many of you will have already received the Winter 2020-2021 issue of The Natural Farmer; for those who have not, it should soon arrive in your mailboxes. After discussion, we, the members of the NOFA Interstate Council, are writing to the NOFA membership to provide some context and response regarding the content of Section B, titled “Special Supplement on Who Owns Science?”.

As background, The Interstate Council provides coordination between the chapters and acts as an umbrella organization for projects of collective interest to NOFA chapters. In addition, it is the publisher of The Natural Farmer. The longtime editor of TNF, Jack Kittredge, has given much effort and many years of service to the NOFA community, and this Winter issue is his last as he has been planning to retire. We wish him well in his retirement and thank him for 32 years of service as editor for the paper.

Our concerns about the supplement are that the vaccine-related content does not provide enough context or a sufficiently broad spectrum of viewpoints to inform our readership on what is clearly a topic of immediate and national concern. That some of the information derives from sources that stand against some of our most deeply held values is additionally problematic.

Independent of whether the topic of vaccines even belongs in our farming-centered publication (a decision made for this issue, as for every previous one, independently by the editor), we feel that the only responsible way to have included such a topic would be to include vigorous comments from voices in mainstream public health to offer an alternative point of view. We deeply regret that was not done.

Going forward, we will develop a more thorough process for editorial review which will advise and support the incoming editor. Interviews for the new editor are happening now, and we will keep our community informed of this process.

Thank you for your understanding. Please stay safe.



The NOFA Interstate Council



CT NOFA is teaming up with the New CT Farmers Alliance (NCTFA) and Solid Ground 2  (UCONN Extension) to announce a new learning opportunity for beginner and advanced beginner farmers beginning in January, 2021.

Farmer Circles are peer-to-peer learning communities for farmers interested in sharing obstacles and strategies in a small, semi-structured, supportive environment. Each project year, farmers will join a circle focused on a topic or issue that interests them and explore this topic together. In addition to digging into a particular topic together, these circles will provide CT farmers with a social network that they can rely on to counter the stresses and risks of farming. The facilitator of each group will receive a stipend and have the chance to develop their skills as a group leader as they work with NCTFA and NOFA to create a successful learning environment.

Potential topics include:

  • Cooperative farming
  • Getting clear on farm financials
  • Farm equipment problem solving/management
  • Food sovereignty reading group
  • Accessing new markets
  • Finding and maintaining a strong farm crew
  • Self care for farmers
  • Crop planning
  • Regional affinity groups
  • BIPOC affinity groups
  • Queer affinity groups

Each circle will have about 5-8 members, and will choose their own preferred meeting style, whether in-person in a living room, barn, through field walks, or via video calls.

Farmer Circles are self governed groups, meaning that members will determine their time commitment and frequency of meetings. They will meet for at least 12 hours total over the year.

Each circle will choose one of their members as facilitator. This person will be point person to communicate with the Farmer Circle planning crew and will receive a stipend of $800.

Each circle will also have some funds to hire an expert advisor to join in on one of their meetings and provide practical expertise.

At the end of the year, all the circles will come together at the Build Your Network, Grow Our Future, an annual gathering, to share lessons learned and continue building an even broader network for all farmers involved. Though circles will formally meet for one year with support, they may choose to continue meeting on their own outside of defined year-long commitment.

Farmer Circles Planning Team:

  • NCTFA – coordinator & steering committee members
  • CT NOFA – co-coordinator
  • UConn Extension representatives
  • Representative of Young Farmer Committee
  • Advisory and Outreach team

Please reach out to or with any questions or comments regarding this project.

This program is supported by the generosity of our members, donors and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, under award number 2020-70017-32733 

Click here to register as a farmer circle participant or apply to be a facilitator.


An update by Will O’Meara:
As we expected our first season at Hungry Reaper Farm has been filled with the full spectrum of emotions. Spring was marked by an adrenaline-fueled race to build our secondhand hoop house in March and April as well as adjusting our plans for a season shaped by the COVID-19 pandemic. We knew our plans to host our friends and community for workdays and potluck dinners were out the window but remained optimistic that we could provide our community with the food they need and stay healthy in the process.

We were thrilled to sell out our 50-member CSA and to provide about 20% of our members with a no/low-cost CSA share thanks to the generosity of our members and their purchases at the higher end of our sliding scale. We could not have anticipated the success of the sliding scale, and hope to maintain the same level of subsidized CSA shares in the future as we scale up. We found a great partner in New Morning Market, who has stocked our produce all season long. The produce department has been incredibly flexible, fair, and enthusiastic and we have learned a ton about wholesaling our produce. We are excited to expand this end of our business in the years to come. Finally, we were lucky to get a spot in the newly revived Farmers Market of Black Rock in Bridgeport, CT. With farmers market protocols and customer/farmer safety at top of mind, we were unsure about the success of this market. Luckily we found a supportive community in Bridgeport that was relieved the market had returned. As the market season winds down, we will miss our wonderful regulars and look forward to returning next spring.
On a slightly less cheery note, we were met with some unexpected challenges that forced us to adapt and readjust our plans. In late July, we were informed that the landowner we were leasing from was being forced to sell their land for reasons largely out of their control. This news came in the midst of negotiations to create a longer-term land tenure option for us on this piece of land and came as an unpleasant surprise. Although we had a feeling our time on this land would be temporary, we had hoped to have at least a few seasons there to get our farm up and running before finding a permanent home. This news came as the drought that has plagued our region this year was ramping up and our well we were using for irrigation ran dry. As a result, August was mentally and physically draining. It was challenging to watch crops languish without water and germination rates drop off through one of the most hectic times in the season, all the while looking for new land to farm while continuing to put in long days of work on the land we will soon leave.

We adjusted our crop plan and doubled down on what we knew could withstand our dry, hot summer and took great solace when our bumper tomato crop started to come in. Seeing the volume that was quickly ripening and that our retail and wholesale markets couldn’t keep up, we started looking for a co-packer to process our excess tomatoes for a value-added product. When the first place we turned was booked solid, we were thrilled to be put in touch with Premier Packaging in Waterbury by a farmer friend of ours. They got us onto their calendar with relatively short notice and processed 750 pounds of tomatoes to make our Crushed Heirloom Tomatoes in mid-September. Though we didn’t plan to take on value-added products in our first season, we were glad to be forced into this position by great yields and will now have a small income stream in the offseason.

Though a handful of crop failures due to weeds and drought, losing our lease, and struggling to find balance in our first season seemed to set the tone in July and August, the change of seasons has brought immense gratitude for the overall success of our first season. We often thought that starting our farm would mean leaving the state of Connecticut in search of affordable land or a more supportive environment for independent farms. While those factors may weigh on our decisions in the long run, we can’t imagine starting our farm anywhere else. This season would have been impossible without our friends and family that lent us their time and their ears, fellow farmers who lent us equipment and both formal and informal mentorship, and organizations like NCTFA and CT NOFA that provided us with our incredible network of fellow farmers. For the future, we are looking forward to finalizing our new lease up the road from our current home, working with our mentor Rachel Berg of Four Root Farm to tweak our production and business plans, and continuing to grow delicious food for our community.

The Virtual Tour of Massaro Community Farm is now available on CT NOFA’s YouTube Channel.

Here’s the LINK

The 1 hour video includes visits to Assawaga Farm and Sub Edge Farm, also participating as No-Till Research Farm Sites across Connecticut.

There is also a Rain Simulator presentation by Emily Cole, Climate and Agriculture Program Manager at American Farmland Trust. To view Emily’s entire presentation here’s the LINK

This event was funded by an NRCS Conservation Innovation Grant exploring best practices for tillage reduction on organic farms, managed in partnership between CT NOFA, NOFA/Mass, and NOFA-NJ.”



We recently had the opportunity to catch up with Stephanie Berluti, one of two farmers in our 2020 Journey Person program at her farm, South Haven Farm, in Orange, CT.

Stephanie officially started South Haven Farm in early 2020 where she grows crops including kale, radishes, carrots, tomatoes, collards, swiss chard, and flowers on a ½ acre of land using organic methods. She will also be starting microgreens for the fall and winter. While she is not yet USDA certified, Stephanie knows this is the direction she wants to take and is using her knowledge of organic practices from her farming experience while she begins the process of organic certification.

Stephanie spent the last 6 years traveling around the country and learning to grow in different climates and soil types culminating with the CT NOFA Journey Person program and the beginning of South Haven Farm.

“Having the opportunity to be a part of CT NOFA’s journeyperson program has given me a leg up in my first year of running my own operation, both financially and mentally. I was able to use my stipend to expand my cultivation tool kit by purchasing a garden tiller and a high-quality wheel hoe. The stipend allowed me to higher quality tools at a greater cost that will last ions longer than the cheaper version that I would probably hate and replace within my first few years”.

She began her farming career as an apprentice at Serenbe Farms outside of Atlanta, GA, then spent a season farming by the beach on Martha’s Vineyard at North Tabor Farm. Stephanie then honed her market garden farming skills at Steadfast Farm in Phoenix, AZ as their assistant farm manager. Finally, in 2018, Stephanie returned to Connecticut where she is currently the NY/CT gardener for Green City Growers (based in Boston) where she manages the 30 Rock Chef’s Garden for the Rainbow Room in NYC. However, due to COVID all of those sites were placed on hold this year.

These diverse farming experiences were invaluable in starting her own farm operation. “I don’t know if I would have had the confidence to begin a project like this without the knowledge I gained from those farms”. It wasn’t only knowledge of growing practices that were valuable for Stephanie, but also business practices and consumer engagement. “I learned a lot from the different ways these farms marketed and sold their products. In Atlanta, since I worked on a farm located in an Agri-hood (planned community based around a farm) we focused more on direct to consumer sales and building personal relationships with families in the community through educational programs and events. At Steadfast Farm in Arizona, I was able to engage more with the local culinary scene around the Phoenix Valley and learn how to balance the needs of each sales sector. Learning how different farms around the country sold and marketed their products has been really helpful with my own business plan here in Connecticut”.

In her first year of operation, Stephanie is using this time to learn and experiment. “One of the biggest challenges for me this year was self-management. Being a one-woman operation with other professional commitments outside of the farm was definitely a learning curve. Prioritizing administrative tasks vs boots-on-the-ground farm work can be pretty difficult. I still have a way to go in learning how to balance the fieldwork with the office work, forcing myself to catch up on necessary paperwork even though there are beds that need to be weeded. ”

One element that proved to be particularly challenging this year was the weather. As the climate continues to change and become more and more unpredictable, farmers find themselves having to adapt to more severe weather events. “For me, this was a huge wake-up call in how I have to adapt my growing practices. During the storm a few weeks ago, I lost what was the beginning of my greenhouse and the ongoing drought has really forced me to think about my water use and how I am going to irrigate my crops for the future. I am already thinking about ways I can be more resilient on my farm in the face of climate change. I don’t think there is a single farmer that is unaffected by this issue and, as a community, we really need to come up with aggressive adaptation strategies”.

While learning what works and doesn’t’ work on her farm, Stephanie also had to balance the challenges of starting a new farm during the backdrop of a global pandemic. “Trying to start a farm during the COVID-19 pandemic has presented its own set of unique challenges to what I knew was already going to be a difficult endeavor, mainly having to reset my entire business plan to account for the disappearance of my potential wholesale customers and shift to direct to consumer sales. I wasn’t planning on opening an onsite store until year 2 as my original focus was on wholesale. I was lucky to have had some director to consumer sales to build off of”.

As farmers know all too well during these times – balancing the demand for fresh, local produce, and the importance of keeping your farm safe and healthy is no easy task and has given this industry a lot of uncertainty. Farmer-to-farmer mentorship is a central part of the Journey Person program model.  Stephanie has been working with her mentor Yoko Takemura at Assawaga Farm throughout the growing season.  Especially this year, when the pandemic limited face-to-face interactions, having a friend on the phone who has a similar scale and scope of farming operation can be invaluable.

Yoko Takemura of Assawaga Farm

“Speaking with my mentor, Yoko of Assawaga Farm, and discussing how they were changing up their marketing techniques in response to COVID gave me the confidence to step out of my comfort zone and approach new venues for sales. Knowing that I could text/call my mentor with questions added a nice sense of security and comfort during such an uncertain time”.

Despite these challenges during the first year of operation, Stephanie has enjoyed the process and is looking forward to the opportunities in the coming years. She has recently built a barn where she plans on hosting small to mid-sized events once it is safe to do so. “I think it is important to have other areas of cash flow on the farm when this pandemic is over. I’m very lucky to have the resources and support to put up this structure that can be used for not only cold storage for my crops but also to host events. I want this farm to serve my community with both nutritious foods and as a gathering place”.

Follow Stephanie and South Haven Farm on Instagram, Facebook, and on her website

Sefra Alexandra, the Seed Huntress, has launched her canoe from the headwaters of the Connecticut River and is paddling with an extraordinary cargo.

Her trip is to honor The Ecotype Project, a program of the Northeast Organic Farming Association of Connecticut (CT NOFA). She is carrying with her hundreds of native plants, cultivated as a result of CT NOFA’s Ecotype Project, and will be planting “the right plants in the right place.” She is paddling to raise funds and raise awareness about the vital connectivity between our wilderness areas and our farmland. She is paddling for the pollinators. She is paddling to plant native plants and highlight the habitat restoration work that strengthens our rivers, our forests, and our food system.

She is asking that you join with her by supporting CT NOFA during this weeklong expedition. Donate here. She carries with her the flag for WINGS WorldQuest. WINGS recognizes and supports extraordinary women leaders in science and exploration. Sefra is also supported by the Patagonia PUPS program, Spartan Race, and Planter’s Choice Nursery. Any support you can give will make you a part of CT NOFA’s work strengthening our agrarian landscape.

Follow live updates from Sefra on CT NOFA’s Instagram account: @ctnofa